Resident rwandaUKUSAAustraliaNamibia

Rwanda: Non-existent in pharmacy education. used for medical students as the post-graduation mandatory 2 years work for a government health facility.

UK: On site trainee/Health Care Professional

USA: (1) A recent pharmacy or medical graduate who is licensed/registered and in their first few years of (work-based) postgraduate training

USA: (2) Senior to intern (could be year 2-year 5 depending on the length of the residency); they oversee intern patient care activities and oftentimes direct educational activities as well.

Australia: Generally newly graduated pharmacist undertaking structured workplace learning (SHPA program); currently in general areas (specialty residencies to follow).

Namibia: We don’t have this in Namibia and also its not existent in most African countries. This mainly applies to the medical professionals who are undertaking a postgraduate programme such as MMED is a specific discipline such as Paediatrics